viernes, 29 de julio de 2011

Nicholas Carr debatiendo sobre tecnología en la tierra y en los cielos

Aquí y aquí

Extracto abrebocas (cierre de la primera entrada arriba):

"Genius emerges at the intersection of unique individual human potential and unique temporal circumstances. As circumstances change, some people's ability to fulfill their potential will increase, but other people's will decrease. Progress does not simply expand options. It changes options, and along the way options are lost as well as gained. Homer lived in a world that we would call technologically primitive, yet he created immortal epic poems. If Homer were born today, he would not be able to compose those poems in his head. That possibility has been foreclosed by progress. For all we know, if Homer (or Mozart) were born today, he would end up being be an advertising copywriter, and perhaps not even a very good one.

Look at any baby born today, and try to say whether that child would have a greater possibility of fulfilling its human potential if during its lifetime (a) technological progress reversed, (b) technological progress stalled, (c) technological progress advanced slowly, or (d) technological progress accelerated quickly. You can't. Because it's unknowable.

The best you can argue, therefore, is that technological progress will, on balance, have a tendency to open more choices for more people. But that's not a moral argument about the benefits of progress; it's a practical argument, an argument based on calculations of utility. If, at the individual level, new technology may actual prevent people from discovering and sharing their "godly gifts," then technology is not itself godly. Why would God thwart His own purposes? Technological progress is not a force of cosmic goodness, and it is surely not a force of cosmic love. It's an entirely earthly force, as suspect as the flawed humans whose purposes it suits. Kelly's belief that we are morally obligated "to materialize as many inventions as possible" and "to hurry" in doing so is not only based on a misperception; it's foolhardy and dangerous."

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